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October 19, 2017


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While I'm not saying that everything was done ethically in the US--it wasn't--but I'm not so sure the term "unceded" applies in the US. For example, the Point Elliot Treaty did establish that various Native peoples vast stretches of land in return for reservations. I'm not saying that there were always fair choices, but those treaty rights are beginning to be upheld more and more by the courts. We may find out one day how long the rivers actually run in the US.

Canada is different. Vancouver, BC, has an example at the south end of the Burrard Street Bridge. The Squamish were forced from a settlement that they had there--no treaty was ever signed. That has resulted in a court case giving the Squamish First Nation some prime real estate.

They are trying to write treaties in Canada now for all the unceded land. After the boarding schools, I'm sure the First Nations are not making the negotiations very easy.

My understanding is that both Canada and the USA have lands that have not been ceded, both countries have treaties that are not being honored, both countries have treaties whereby the courts are upholding treaties. My guess is that there are few if any treaties that have been fair. Perhaps that is why both countries are experiencing a backlash against immigration and refugees. Afterall the first immigrants and refugees (also known as the settlers and colonizers) insisted that the original inhabitants of this land assimilate into the European culture and religious customs. Usually, when people move into a new country they adopt the language and customs of the new country. When the original settlers and colonizers came to Canada, USA, Mexico and South America, they came like a virus and took over everything. They conquered. It appears that many countries are now fearing that the original pattern, that is the original sin that was done to the first inhabitants of their lands will repeat. This is the original trauma that is asking to be healed. I happen to be an immigrant, who settled in Ontario, Canada in 1957 at the age of 5. I wonder what the karma is for the descendants of original settlers and mine under these circumstances? I also wonder what the karma would be if all treaties were not only honoured but also fairly renegotiated?

I got this blog through Deborah F, and I am very happy to read your reflection, I am an un-invited guest in this land recently named "Vancouver".
I try to spread the word everywhere about the importance of expanding our consciousness and express our gratitud to the First People and the Land Keepers. My hope is that with people like you USA people start to incorporate in their heart and public life this act of acknowledgement and sincere desire for reconciliation.
Thank you,

Ema Alicia Oropeza

Every day the children in Toronto schools hear the following announcement:

“I would like to acknowledge that this school is situated upon traditional territories. The territories
include the Wendat (wen-dat), Anishinabek (ah-nish-nah-bek) Nation, the Haudenosaunee
(ho-den-oh-sho-nee) Confederacy, the Mississaugas of the New Credit First Nations, and the Métis
(may-tee) Nation.
The treaty that was signed for this particular parcel of land is collectively referred to as the Toronto Pur-
chase and applies to lands east of Brown’s Line to Woodbine Avenue and north towards Newmarket.
I also recognize the enduring presence of Aboriginal peoples on this land.”

There will be a whole generation of children who grow up having heard this acknowledgement their whole lives. I think that's great.

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